Type of light 
Number 
date 
colour 
max distance from side 
max height 
min height 
angles of Visibility 
approval mark 
Dipped beam headlights 
two 
all vehicles 
white or yellow 
400mm 
1200mm 
500mm 
no requirement 
C (S sealed beam H halogen with right arrow or left
and right or BS AU40 
Main Beam 
two 
All Vehicles 
White or yellow 
no closer to the vehicle side than dipped beam lamps 
no requirement 
no requirement 
no requirement 
r (s sealed beam h halogen) or BS AU40 
Front position lamps 
Two 
all vehicles 
White; yellow if in Yellow Headlamp 
400mm 
1500mm or if impracticable 2100mm 
No requirement 
a horizontal 80 outwards 45 inwards
b vertical 750mm above the ground 15 above and 5 below
horizontal otherwise 15 above and below horizontal 
A 
Rear position lamps 
Two 
all vehicles 
Red 
400mm (Min separation 500mm unless vehicle width is
less than 1400mm where Min separation 400mm) 
1500 mm or if impracticable 2100mm 
350 mm 
a horizontal
80 outwards 45 inwards
b vertical
i 1500mm above ground 15 above and 10 below
ii 750mm above ground 15 above and 5 below
iii otherwise 15 above and below 
R 
Rear number plate lamps 
such that adequate illumination is provided 
All Vehicles 
White 
such that the lamp /lamps are capable of adequately
illuminating the rear number plate 


Stop Lamps 
Two 
All Vehicles 
Red 
one on each side of longitudinal axis (min separation 400) 
1500 or if impracticable 2100 
350 
a horizontal i 45 inwards and outwards b vertical i as
rear position lamps 
S1 or S2 
Rear fog lamp 
One 
All Vehicles 
Red 
On centre line or to offside of vehicle (min
separation distance from stop lamp 100) 
1000 
250 
a horizontal i 25 inwards and outwards if two lamps
are fitted it is sufficient if one lamp (not necessarily the same
lamp) is visible throughout the range b Vertical i 5 above and below horizontal 
B or F 
Direction Indicators 
on each side Front one Rear one Side repeater one 
All Vehicles 
Amber 
400 see note (min separation 500 unless vehicle width
is less than 1400 where min separation 400) 
1500 or if impracticable 2300 
350 
a horizontal i 80 outwards 45 inwards ii side repeater
to the rear between 5 and 60 outboard b vertical i <750mm above
ground 15 above and 5 below horizontal ii otherwize 15 above and
below horizontal 
From 1/4/86 Front 1,1a,1b or 11 Front side 3 or 4 side
repeater 5 rear 2a, 2b or 12 
Rear Retro Reflectors 
Two 
All Vehicles 
Red 
400 (min separation 600 unless vehicle width less than
1300 where min separation 400) 
900 or if impracticable 1200 
350 
a horizontal i30 inwards and outwards b Vertical i
<750mm above the ground 15 above and 5 below horizontal ii
otherwise 15 above and below horizontal 
1 or 1A 